"In a population survey conducted by YouGov on behalf of the Norwegian Consumer Council, just one out of ten respondents were positive to commercial actors collecting personal information about them online, while only one out of five thought that serving ads based on personal information is acceptable. This resembles similar surveys from both sides of the Atlantic, and indicates that consumers do not regard commercial surveillance as an acceptable trade-off for the possibility of seeing tailored ads."
In light of the evidence, should surveillance-based ads be opt-in (default, no need to figure out and change settings) or opt-out. Currently, tech companies make these ads opt-out. By default the ads are enabled. To disable them, the user must find, understand and change settings. Of course, most users do not ever change default settings. Many users may not even be aware that there are such things as settings.
> Personally, I'm not bothered by Amazon doing this on their site when I'm there
You may not be, but this is within what they cover in the report Vivaldi is recommending: https://www.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/202... (it's a good read, and there are a lot of things they object to even with only first-party tracking)
> Perhaps advertisers should start paying us for our valuable time, attention, and bandwidth?
They don't pay you directly, but they pay the site you're visiting, and in most cases that's why the site is able to afford to create the content you're reading and show it to you for free.
The person running the store remembering you and treating you differently based on your history is within what they're covering here, yes. In the report that Vivaldi is recommending (https://www.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/202...) they consider both first-party and third-party tracking to be part of "surveillance-based advertising". For example, a site showing ads for users based on what topics they tend to view weighted by how much they interact with each one. There's nothing about having to "deploy it across the whole internet" before it counts; activity on a single site is still (described as) surveillance.
This looks like Vivaldi supporting a recommendation made by a consumer advocacy group in Norway (Norwegian Consumer Council / Forbrukerradet), and boosting their report. You can read the original report at: https://www.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/202...