Jun 24, 2020

A language that I am working on has those things "built-in" (it still generates compilable C++ in the backend). I did recently add pattern matching (and not just on variants) where the above would be equivalent to:

  $v:|[:int, :bool, :double] = 5;

  $vi: = v.[:int];
  $holds_int: = v.?[:int];

  switch v {
    .[:int]$i { /std cout << "got int:" << i };
    .[:bool] { /std cout << "got bool" };      
    .[:double]$d { /std cout << "got double: " << d };
If a type repeats in the same variant, you would match by index to tell them apart:

  $v:|[:int, :int]<(.[0] = 5);

  switch v {
    .[0]$i0 { /std cout << "got first int:" << i0 };
    .[1]$i1 { /std cout << "got second int: " << i1 };
(I have some ideas to allow named labels instead of numerical indices but that is not yet implemented)

It is, in spirit, an implementation of the inspect proposal [1], but with a (subjectively) much simpler and more powerful syntax (the grammar of the entire language is fully LALR(1) without ambiguities).

[1] http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/docs/papers/2019/p137...