Harry Frankfurt's On Bullshit is a relatively respected philosophical treatise of rather recent origin. Whether or not it approaches science depends on how one views the origins of scientific method in philosophical treatises of post-aristotealian early modernity: e.g. Locke, Leibnitz, Descartes, Bacon, etc [or whether Aristotle hisself was being scientific].
As with much in philosophy, it often boils down to deciding for onesself rather than appealing to autority. http://www.stoa.org.uk/topics/bullshit/pdf/on-bullshit.pdf
> One of the most salient features of our culture is that there is so much bullshit. Everyone knows this. Each of us contributes his share. But we tend to take the situation for granted. Most people are rather confident of their ability to recognize bullshit and to avoid being taken in by it. So the phenomenon has not aroused much deliberate concern, or attracted much sustained inquiry. In consequence, we have no clear understanding of what bullshit is, why there is so much of it, or what functions it serves. And we lack a conscientiously developed appreciation of what it means to us. In other words, we have no theory. I propose to begin the development of a theoretical understanding of bullshit, mainly by providing some tentative and exploratory philosophical analysis.